Document Type : Original Article

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  • Ahlam Rashid Alqaydi1,*
  •  Ameirah Alyammahi2
  • Wafa Jaber Al Rahma3
  • Shamsa Al Makhmari4
  • Moza Mohammed Albalushi5


1Department of Orthodontics, Kalba Specialized Dental Center, Emirates Health Services Establishment, Sharjah, UAE.

2Department of Orthodontics, Fujairah Specialized Dental Center, Emirates Health Services Establishment, Fujairah, UAE.

3Dubai Spishalized Dental center, Dubai, United Arab Emirates

4Department of orthodontics, Alain medical center, Zayed military hospital, Abudhabi, United Arab Emirates.

5Al Mizhar Health Center, Dubai, United Arab Emirates

Received: March 2022                      Accepted: April 2022                      Published: July 2022

10.22034/MBT.2022.23052207                                                     XML Files



The physical, mental and social consequences of malocclusion can adversely affect the personal satisfaction of individuals in society. The motivation of the patient and his parents as well as the opinion of the orthodontist are two factors influencing the decision to start treatment. Knowing these motivations, maintaining and strengthening them is effective in achieving successful results of orthodontic treatment. This narrative review investigates the most important motivational factors and the tendency of orthodontic treatment in persons with malocclusion in different examinations. Most studies show that aesthetic and having regular teeth is the main motivation for orthodontic treatment. After aesthetic, two other important motivating factors are parents’ interest and concern and dental
advice. The child’s relationship with his parents plays an important role in motivating the orthodontist as a motivating factor. Hence, it is essential to analyze the variables influencing the attitude and behavior of parents. Also, the role of the dentist in providing the necessary explanations to the patient is important for the patient’s need for orthodontic treatment because it fundamentally affects the patient who needs this treatment. Other major motivating factors for orthodontic treatment include dissatisfaction with
appearance, gender, age, intellectual level, social group, reality of the deformity. Understanding these factors can enable better resource planning and better assessment of treatment necessities and needs. However, most studies are limited to the children population, and on the other hand, few studies, especially on the motivation of the individual associated with the type and severity of malocclusion, and more studies are needed.

Keywords: Motivational factors, orthodontic treatment, malocclusion patients, narrative review