Document Type : Original Article

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Authors

  • Fatemeh Forouzan Jahromi1
  • Bahareh Mahdood2
  • Maryam Bastami3
  • Sakineh Ramezanli4
  • Ali Derakhshi5[1]

 

1MSc of Critical Care Nursing, Department of Critical Care, faculty member of paramedical school, Jahrom university of medical science, Jahrom, Iran.

ORCid: 0000- 0003- 2261- 361X

fatiforozan50@gmail.com

2 MSc of surgical technology, Department of operating room, faculty member of paramedical school, Jahrom university of medical science, Jahrom, Iran.

ORCid: 0000- 0002- 7774- 2294

Baharehmahdood68@gmail.com

3Instructor of Operating Room, Department of Operating Room, School of Allied Medical Sciences, Ilam university of Medical Sciences, Ilam, Iran.

ORCid: 0000- 0001- 5163- 217X

Bastamimaryam93@gmail.com

4 MSc of Medical Surgical Nursing, Department of Medical Surgical, faculty member of Nursing school, Jahrom university of medical science, Jahrom, Iran.

ORCid:0000-0003-0435-3914

ramezanli1392@gmail.com

5 General Practitioner, graduated from Qeshm Branch, Islamic Azad University, Qeshm, Iran.

ORCid:0000-0002-0518-7703

Derakhshiehsan20@gmail.com.

[1] Corresponding Author Email: Derakhshiehsan20@gmail.com

Received: March 2022                      Accepted: April 2022                      Published: July 2022

10.22034/MBT.2022.342419.1014                                                     XML Files


 

Abstract

Since spiritual health can affect physical and mental health of people, the present study was conducted for investigating the relationship between spiritual health and anxiety and occupational stress of nurses.

The present study was a descriptive-analytical cross-sectional study in 2018. Its statistical population included all nurses working in hospitals affiliated to Jahrom University of Medical Sciences. A number of 141 working nurses were selected as sample by stratified-random sampling method. Data collection instruments included demographic information questionnaire, Paloutzian-Ellison spiritual health questionnaire, HSE occupational stress questionnaire and Beck anxiety questionnaire. After collecting the data, the data was analyzed using SPSS software version 21 and using descriptive statistics and Pearson’s correlation coefficient tests. The results of this study showed that the mean spiritual health score of nurses is 68.59 ± 5.12, which indicates an average level of spiritual health. The mean anxiety score was 14.14 ± 8.87 and anxiety level was the lowest in 25.7% of nurses, low in 33.5% of nurses, moderate in 25.1% and high in 15.7% of nurses. The mean occupational stress score of nurses was 111.76 ± 10.68. The results of Pearson’s correlation test showed that there was a direct and significant relationship between spiritual health and occupational stress (r=0.237; p-value<0.05) and a significant inverse relationship between spiritual health and anxiety (r=-0.105; p-value<0.05). There was no statistically significant relationship between demographic variables and spiritual health, anxiety and occupational stress of nurses (p-value>0.05). The results of the present study showed that increasing spiritual health decreases anxiety and occupational stress of nurses. As a result, management can use solutions to increase spiritual health of nursing staff and improve the quality of their working life by reducing the anxiety and occupational stress of this group.

Keywords: mental health, spiritual health, anxiety, occupational stress.