Document Type : Original Article

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Authors

 

  • Prof. Dr. Qamaruddin Begzad
  • Professor Hamed Parsa

Professor of Balkh University Faculty of Medicine

Drqbigzad6@gmail.com

Professor of Balkh University Faculty of Medicine

hparsa2009@gmail.com

Professor of Ear and Throat, Faculty of Medicine, Balkh University, Afghanistan ad.rahimzad7@gmail.com

Received: March 2022                      Accepted: April 2022                      Published: July 2022

 10.22034/MBT.2022.342419.1014                                                      XML Files


 

Abstract

Hypertension is one of the most significant and frequent issues affecting diabetes patients, which raises the danger of kidney, cardiovascular, and fatal complications. According to statistics, diabetics have a two to three times higher prevalence of hypertension than non-diabetics. There have been identified underlying causes (family history, obesity, lack of physical activity, high-calorie diet, birth weight, history of maternal diabetes during pregnancy), diseases (blood pressure and obesity), and disorders (proteinuria and retinopathy) for the rising prevalence of type 2 diabetes in various societies and the lack of research into the prevalence of this disease in Afghanistan. Using simple random sampling, this cross-sectional study was conducted on more than 120 individuals in Mazar-e-Sharif between the ages of 35 and 55. According to the research, 5 cases of diabetes, 6 cases of Impaired glucose tolerance, and 1 case of impaired fasting glucose (IFG) were diagnosed. Therefore, despite the fact that type 2 diabetes occurs in these age groups, the prevalence of the disease in society is lower than in industrialized nations between the ages of 35 and 55. Teenagers who are fat and have a high risk of developing this kind of diabetes should be taken into account. Public education is advised to improve physical activity and recommend a healthy diet in order to stop the spread of this disease.

Keywords: Mazar-e-Sharif, type 2 diabetes, blood sugar, lack of control